PT13. Frame Collisions Pattern (derived from original P4. PDU Corruption/Loss Pattern)

Initial publication W. Mazurczyk, S. Wendzel, S. Zander et al. in [2].

However, this pattern is based on the original P4. PDU Corruption/Loss Pattern, which was introduced by S. Wendzel, S. Zander, B. Fechner, C. Herdin in [1]. The pattern P4 was split up into two separate patterns (the  Frame Collisions pattern and Artificial Loss pattern). P4 was later also re-invented for user-data as PS21. User-data Corruption, cf. [3].
Illustration The sender causes artificial frame collisions to signal hidden information.
Context Network Covert Timing Channels → Protocol-aware
Evidence see [2]

[1] S. Wendzel, S. Zander, B. Fechner, C. Herdin: Pattern-based Survey and Categorization of Network Covert Channel Techniques, ACM Computing Surveys, Vol. 47, Issue 3, pp. 50:1-26, ACM, 2015.
An early version of the article is available here: download.

[2] W. Mazurczyk, S. Wendzel, S. Zander, A. Houmansadr, K. Szczypiorski: Information Hiding in Communication Networks, Wiley, 2016. Chapters 3 and 8 contain discussions on hiding patterns, basically on the basis of [1] but with an extension of timing-based patterns.

[3] W. Mazurczyk, S. Wendzel, K. Cabaj: Towards Deriving Insights into Data Hiding Methods Using Pattern-based Approach, in Proc. Second International Workshop on Criminal Use of Information Hiding (CUING 2018) at ARES, pp. 10:1-10:10, ACM, 2018. 

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